Transforming City Regions

International teaching and research network

© Staedtebau

Welcome to the international research and teaching network Transforming City Regions. The network includes partners from academia and practice and aims at raising and focusing the level of knowledge of regional transformation processes in post-industrial areas within an international comparative action. The network deals with complex urban structures: from a regional and citywide context up to the neighbourhood level, and it focuses on design and further development of regions, cities, and neighbourhoods towards sustainability.

The international teaching and research network Transforming City Regions is based at RWTH Aachen University and led by Prof. Christa Reicher, head of the Chair and Institute of Urban Design at the Faculty of Architecture.

Latest news

TCR News November 10th

TCR students in Venice

Intangible Venice: about permeability, porosity, and resilience in the everydayAchieving green transition in the megaregion Eurodelta.

Field trip to Venice: On October 19-25, students from the master programmes of architecture, urban planning, as well as from Transforming City Regions visited the city of Venice as well as the Biennale of Architecture. Participants explored the everyday life in the streets, canals, and the campi of Venice and mapped their observations using diagrammatic methods. Interim results were presented and discussed at the Palazzo Bembo and a final exhibition is planned at the Chair and Institute for Urban Design.

Save the date: November 19, 18:00

TCR News October 8th

19th European Week
Regions and Cities

Prof. Christa Reicher will be participating in the session Achieving green transition in the megaregion Eurodelta.

You are welcomed to join and engage in the discussion!

When? Thursday, October 14, 11:30 – 13:00

The megaregion is key to localising the European Green Deal and achieving the EU’s ambitions to become a neutral-climate continent. The workshop by the SURE-Eurodelta Network will focus on presenting concrete spatial and policy-oriented actions, especially in the field of sustainable transport infrastructure and mobility. The SURE partners from four countries will showcase their best practices in response to European Green Deal. Additionally, the outcomes and recommendations from the ESPON STISE Research will be presented, as well as the bright ideas from the Eurodelta Knowledge Platform. During this session we will launch a discussion on the added value for the European Member States and other megaregions, in terms of supporting cross-border cooperation. During the workshop, various stakeholders will be able to address their challenges and impacts with green transition plans. The aim is to create a sustainable, green, just, productive delta region.

More information: 19th European Week Regions and Cities

TCR News October 1st

TCR is at Marmara Urban Forum (MARUF)

TCR is excited to be attending the second Marmara Urban Forum (MARUF). The virtual forum proposes to re-think global issues of cities around the them of ‘Re-Think, Co-Act’.

Ceren Sezer will be moderating a session on ‘Walking the fine line between privacy and security’. This panel focuses on transformation in public realm under the drastic changes in new urban technologies, climate change, disasters and pandemic. More information is available at this link.

The speakers include Prof Christa Reicher (RWTH Aachen University), Ethan Kent (Executive Director, Placemaking X) and Viviana Cordero (CEO, Huasipichanga).

When: 01.10.2021 18:00-19:00 Session – Room 6

Register at this link.

 

Viviana Cordero is working daily to plan cities hand in hand with children and add play to the urban environment. She is a lawyer and urban planning specialist, driven by the concepts of social, environmental and intergenerational justice. Viviana is the founder of Huasipichanga, an urban consultancy for city transformations through co-creation and participation. Currently she is also doing a PhD on child-friendly cities governance at the University of Groningen in the Netherlands.

Ethan Kent works to support public space organizations, projects, and leadership around the world to build a global placemaking movement. Ethan has traveled to more than 1000 cities and 60 countries to advance the cause of leading urban development with inclusive public spaces and placemaking. In 2019 he co-founded PlacemakingX to network, amplify, and accelerate placemaking leadership and impact globally. He builds on more than 20 years of working on placemaking projects and campaigns with Project for Public Spaces. Ethan has been integral to the development of placemaking as a transformative approach to economic development, environmentalism, transportation planning, governance, resilience, social equity, design, digital space, tourism and innovation. Ethan has keynoted well over 100 of the top urbanism conferences and has helped organize dozens of the placemaking conferences that have most shaped the movement.

TCR News October 1st

TCR students at Tirana Design Week: Health & Wellbeing in the Post-Pandemic City

27 September – 10 October 2021

Three project groups from TCR Integrated Project 1 (Summer 2021 Semester)– Sustainable Neighborhoods, Public Space and Social Resilience are invited to present their work during a biannual online event – Tirana Design Week on Health & Wellbeing in the Post-Pandemic City.

More information on the design week is: https://tiranadesignweek.com

 

TCR News September 30th

The video recordings of the TCR’s IDEA League Summer School 2021 is available!

The workshop and keynote recordings of the IDEA League Summer School (25-27 August 2021) on Climate Change and University Campuses are available at this YOU TUBE link: 

https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCbLljfXBoyb-oPc3ZuV-7-Q

 

Speakers include:

Prof Niklas von den Assen (RWTH Aachen University, Sustainability Coordinator)

Prof Davis Bookhart (Hong Kong University of Science and Technology, Sustainability Coordinator)

Prof Andy van den Dobbelsteen (TU Delft, Sustainability Coordinator)

Mrs Naomi Hoogervort (UN Habitat, Urban Lab, Nairobi)

Prof Ute Habel (RWTH Aachen University, Vice Rektor for International Affairs)

Prof Eugenio Morello (Politecnico di Milano, Sustainability Coordinator)

Prof Christa Reicher (RWTH Aachen University)

Ms Christina Tang (Blue Sky Energy Technology, Hong Kong)

TCR News August 10th

TCR is organizing IDEA League Summer School Climate Change and University Campuses

University campuses potentially may have a high impact on climate change mitigation, as they accommodate various high educated and skilled communities, who are well organised through students’ organisations, research and administrative bodies, and workers unions, among others. There is an increasing number of attempts to develop university-wide strategic plans and actions to combat climate change. Yet, a limited number of initiatives have been taken to mobilise university communities as active agents to mitigate climate change. This summer school facilitates an online interactive platform, the Climate Combat Lab (CCLab), which brings together students and academics to exchange and develop ideas on developing, testing and disseminating climate change mitigation and adaptation strategies and action plans for university campuses.

 

The Summer School is organized as five thematic workshops:

Workshop 1 / Governance

Host: Student organisation / Uni.Urban.Mobil – RWTH / Green TU-TUDelft  and Marco Guerini, PoliMi)

Speaker: Prof Andy van den Dobbelsteen (TU Delft), Department of Architectural Engineering and Technology

 

Workshop 2 / Energy

Host: Student organisation, Energybirds – RWTH

Speaker: Prof Aaron Praktijno / RWTH Aachen University, Chair of Energy Systems Economics

This interactive workshop on sustainable energy systems deals with the overarching question of how we can transform energy supply and energy demand to meet the emission targets for the energy sector. We will explore the flow of energy from its primary forms such as renewable, nuclear, or fossil energy over intermediate forms such as electricity to its ultimate use for heating, mobility, or other uses. We will look at sector coupling and how it will influence future energy demands and energy flows. Finally, we shed light on methods for analyzing the transformation of energy systems by playing a serious game that we developed at our chair.

 

Workshop 3 / Design – green campus and nature-based solutions

Speaker: Prof Eugenio Morello / Politecnico di Milano, Department of Architecture and Urban Studies

The spatial dimension of sustainability will be at the heart of the workshop. We will explore how the campus setting – that is, open spaces and buildings, infrastructure and furnishings – can offer the university community opportunities for better lifestyles and behaviors and support the path to adaptable and resilient campuses. In particular, the integration of green solutions and new technologies spread across the campus can increase both sustainability and resilience, especially as regeneration strategies applied to established university contexts. In addition to the physical layout of the campus, its location (for example, urban or not) plays an important role in the activation and deployment of exogenous resources to reduce their environmental impact and, even more, in providing ecosystem services to the urban environment, thus helping to improve overall urban sustainability.

 

Workshop 4 / Circularity

Speaker: Prof Niklas von den Aßen / RWTH Aachen University, Life cycles in Energy, Chemical and Process Engineering

The workshop ‘Circularity’ will elaborate the concept and feasibility of establishing a closed carbon cycle, i.e., to become climate neutral. After a lecture about the concept, technologies and status quo of CO2 emission reduction, CO2 recycling and negative CO2 emissions, the participants will discuss the opportunities and challenges from several perspectives: what technologies are available or needed, what are the social and ethical consequences of carbon recycling and negative CO2 emissions, and what are the involved stakeholders and their ambitions? The participants will reflect these questions in the context of their university campuses. We will wrap-up the workshop with a differentiated opinion on whether and how it is possible to achieve circularity and climate-neutrality at university campuses.

 

Workshop 5 / Education

Speaker: Prof Davis Bookhart / The Hong Kong University of Science and Technology, Division of Environment and Sustainability

In this interactive workshop we will explore the connections between the way that we learn and our ability to solve problems in the most effective way for sustainability outcomes.  Looking at the university structure, we will explore how the future of higher education is evolving to prepare students for 21stcentury “Grand Challenges,” with climate change being the most urgent. We will then dive into some insights of human nature and learning styles that often prevent us from making good sustainable decisions, and how we can overcome these mindset barriers to become better long-term thinkers and sustainable outcome-oriented.

TCR News April 29th

European urban policies and territorial governing cultures and structures

Transforming City Regions public lectures series

Coordinators: Dr. Carola Neugebauer (Associate Professor, Chair of Cultural Heritage) and Dr. ir Ceren Sezer (Research Associate, Chair of Urban Design)

This module elaborates the European Institutions, their frameworks and programmes towards cities and regions. This includes the main documents defining European urban policies such as European Urban Agenda, Leipzig Charta and Toledo Declaration as well as global official reports such as the UN Habitat’s Sustainable Development Goals and New Urban Agenda.

Additionally, the governing cultures across Europe and the transformation of the models of urban governance are examined and evaluated. Finally, the module gives an overall view of the tools and instruments of urban governance and urban development across Europe.

The main objective of the module is to give students insights into the European policies towards cities and regions, and the ways they respond to global change and fit into the global urban agenda. In this module, the students learn the political aspect of design and planning and recognize and evaluate the territorial governing models and their relations to urban and regional transformation.

Meeting ID: 920 7238 6108
Passcode: 647425


April 20: Spatial planning in Europe and the Europeanization of Spatial Planning

Associate Prof. Dr. Giancarlo Cotella – Politecnico di Torino


April 27: The New Leipzig Charta 2020

Dr. Eva Schweitzer | BBSR

The New Leipzig Charta. The transformative power of cities for the common good. Observations on the development of the European policy document.  Focus on key challenges, principles and tools for urban transformation.


May 4: Urban planning and governance in the North

Dr. Lukas Smas | Department of Human Geography, Stockholm University

During the lecture Lukas Smas will compare spatial planning in the Nordic countries, deconstruct the so called comprehensive integrated planning model and discuss policies (such as compact cities) in urban regions from multi-level governance perspective (including EU and international agendas).


May 18: Towards a “Just Europe” – spatial justice, functional interrelations and governance approaches

Prof. Dr. Thomas Weith | Institute for Geography, University of Potsdam

– Ways towards sustainability –

In recent years, analysing functional interrelations are seen as a new way for a better understanding of spatial development. In addition new ways of governance are realised to reflect the interrelational focus. SDGs, Habitat III, as well as the New Territorial Agenda 2030 emphasise the importance of urban-rural interrelations for sustainable development. In parallel, spatial justice is named as an important virtue in spatial governance.

The presentation will connect both lines of discussion and shows theoretical approaches as well as conceptual consequences, mainly in land use issues. Land use change is one of the main challenges in Europe for achieving sustainability goals. To avoid or solve land use conflicts in a sustainable and just way, a high variety of approaches of spatial planning, regional policy, and regional management activities as well as project driven activities will be needed.


June 29: IBA Basel: Exploring Impact and Innovation in Regional Cooperation and Governance

Katharina Frieling | Chair of Planning Theory and Urban Development, RWTH Aachen University

The trinational region of Basel has a 50 years long history of cross-border cooperation between its member states Germany, France and Switzerland. The former pragmatic cooperation led to the foundation of the Trinational Eurodistrict Basel (TEB). Between 2010–2020 the TEB initiated a 10-years learning process in the region with the implementation of the International Building Exhibition (IBA). IBA Basel aimed to improve regional cohesion through intensifying cooperation across borders. In the post-IBA-phase the 10-years process and its ongoing consolidation provide a common perspective for a regional development strategy.

TCR News April 20th

Spatial planning in Europe and the Europeanization of Spatial Planning

Associate Prof. Dr. Giancarlo Cotella – Politecnico di Torino

Date: Tuesday, 2021 April 20 10:45 CET

https://rwth.zoom.us/j/92072386108?pwd=dDVzc0NmL2dYcVVOV3hndS9rcCtMdz09

Meeting ID: 920 7238 6108, Passcode: 647425

Registration is not required.

Abstract:

Since the industrial revolution, raising urbanisation rates and the movement of population away from agriculture towards the industrial and services sectors have increased development pressures dramatically. The impact of these phenomena have been such that all European countries have deemed it necessary to establish some effective procedure to channel these pressures and resolve conflicts between competing land uses. Legislation has been introduced in each country to establish the principle that public authorities should be empowered to monitor and control territorial development and prepare plans, identifying what types of development will be permitted and where they would be most appropriate. This happened at different times in different countries from the late nineteenth century onwards, depending on political attitudes to the acceptability of such powers, which may be regarded as infringing individual rights to exploit private property, and diverse perceptions of the value of planning in different contexts. Hence, the specific histories and geographies of particular places, and the way these interlock with national institutional structures, cultures and economic opportunities contributed to generate a high heterogeneous set of territorial governance and spatial planning systems in Europe. A discussion on the notion of ‘spatial planning system’ as well as on similarity and differences that characterise planning systems is a preliminary step for the understanding of spatial planning in Europe.

At the same time, since the late 1980s, the increasing need to consider the spatial impacts of the European Union sectoral spending programmes had fostered the development of a heterogeneous set of spatial concepts, tools and processes at the continental scale. This whole set of phenomena, included under the umbrella term ‘European spatial planning’, has increasingly attracted the attention of European planning practitioners and scholars, because of the innovative tools, approaches and methodologies introduced in a field in which the EU does not detail any formal competence. In this light, why the EU had necessity to intervene in planning policy issues and how, the lack of formal competences notwithstanding, this is currently possible and even welcome by all European countries are not idle questions. In this light, a backward account of distinct ‘dimensions’ of European spatial planning – structure, discourse, tools and practices – is proposed and specific ‘channels’ conveying domestic change and the EU progress in joint territorial governance activities are identified, highlighting the role of EU territorial governance as a meaningful catalyst of Europeanization.

Giancarlo Cotella (M.Arch., Ph.D.) is associate professor at the Interuniversity Department of Regional and Urban Studies and Planning (DIST) of Politecnico di Torino. His research mainly focuses on European Territorial Governance, in particular on the mutual influence occurring between European Spatial Planning and the spatial planning systems characterising the different Member States. Giancarlo has took active part to several international research projects, among which it is worth to mention ESPON 2.3.1 ESDP, ESPON 2.3.2 Governance, LisGo, ESPON FOCI, ESPON Smart-IST, ESPON TANGO, FP7 Mlesecure-2050, ESPON ReSSI, ESPON URRUC, ESPON COMPASS and ESPON SUPER. He published several contributions on various international scientific journals and edited books, and he is actively involved in AESOP (The Association of European Schools of Planning).

TCR News April 19th

Two workshops on Urban Climate and Designing for Walkability

TCR Summer Semester 2021 ‚Aachen Social Resilience‘ studio have participated in two workshops on urban climate and designing for walkability. The workshops were given by Prof. Ayse Ozbil Torun (Northumbria University, Newcastle, UK) and Prof. Ipek Gursel Dino (METU, Ankara, Turkey).

(1) Designing for walkability by Prof Ayse Ozbil Torun (Northumbria University, Newcastle, UK)
 
19 April, 10:00 CET
 
The workshop aims to introduce the required macro- and micro-level built environment design aspects in designing for walkability. The first part of this workshop will lay the ground for necessary concepts/criteria and tools in creating pedestrian-friendly neighbourhoods through a wide range of examples and applications. The second part of the workshop will establish the necessary skills and knowledge on walkability analysis of selected study areas (neighbourhoods) through the application of space syntax techniques. This hands-on workshop will help students acquire basic knowledge and skills on:
–        Connectivity analysis of existing street network 
–        Visibility analysis at the neighbourhood level
        Merging different data sets at the street segment level
–        Evaluating alternative street-level interventions
During the hands-on workshop, the students will have the opportunity to apply the gained skills and knowledge on a) the evaluation of the existing neighbourhoods in terms of their walkability levels, and b) the partial evaluation of their proposals at the street-level. The discussions and critiques will enable students with the necessary applied skills and knowledge to interpret the current and prospective design of their case study areas in terms of walkability. 
 
(2) Urban Climate by Prof Ipek Gursel Dino (METU, Ankara, Turkey)
 
19 April, 15:30 CET
 
The workshop aims to establish the necessary skills and knowledge on environmental analysis of open public spaces by means of computational methods and tools. The students will receive the basic foundation of quantitative, model-based analysis of outdoor spaces through a lecture, with which the concepts, parameters and objectives of analysis are introduced. Applied tutorials will be given by the instructors that introduce the:
–        Analysis and visualization of the current and future weather data 
–        Sun path studies
–        Solar radiation studies
–        Sunlight hours studies
–        Outdoor comfort studies
After the tutorials, the students are expected to apply the gained skills and knowledge on the design problem assigned during the studio. Focused critiques will be provided to the sutdents based on individual design work and the application of the analysis methods to inform and guide design development. Specific focus will be given to conditions of climate change and global warming, and the negative impact of climate change on the built environment and outdoor spaces. 

 

TCR News April 12th

Future Cityscapes. Interconnectivity and innovation in Hasselt and Liège

Integrated Project II: Evolution of functional urban areas

The Eurodelta is the most densely urbanized area in North Western Europe and a highly interconnected territory with approximately 45 million inhabitants. It stretches from Western Germany to the Netherlands, Belgium and Northern France along agglomerations in the river basins of the Rhin, Scheldt and Meuse. This diverse and complex territory creates a common interest for a cross-border thinking and calls for innovation and action both in terms of territorial governance but also in terms of spatial strategies and design.

Is the future of the city the region? Within the Spatial Strategy Zuid-Limburg ZL’EU framework lead by the Chair and Institute for Urban Design and in collaboration with the METREX SURE-EURODELTA network, the Integrated Project II will address this question for the Belgian cities of Hasselt and Liège, which are partner cities of the EUREGIO Meuse-Rhin. The main rationale of the project is that spatial development does not end with national boundaries nor language barriers, and that cross-border thinking is, indeed, essential for improving interconnectivity of the region as a whole but also to tackle inclusive, sustainable and resilient development.
 

Thematic focus:  Inhabitants and Social Cohesion | Mobility and Infrastructure | Landscape and Biodiversity | Economy and Structural Change | Research and Innovation | Culture and Identity

Cross-cutting issues: Cross-border cooperation | Internationalization | Climate Change | Innovation und Digitalization

The Project will unfold in five phases:

i) study of the theoretical and methodological background of the topic which shall deepen individual understanding and conceptualization of the problem reflected in the case studies.

ii) analytical phase of the real case stud which involves examination of the different aspects of the problem: spatial, social, environmental, technical, economic.

iii) Participation in the Next Generation Podium for Eurodelta, which consists of practical experience, development of the initial possible solutions and application of all appropriate design methods, and dialogue between experts, practice and academia, from different generations.

iv) Finalization of the project and discussion with all involved interdisciplinary professionals representing different fields of study.

v) presentation of the project and public discussion on proposed solutions and design.

Learning Objectives:

The goal of the project is to equip students with the design and solution-oriented skills which will be dealing with the scale of functional urban areas, ongoing redefinition of the city and change of urban form seen from the regional perspective. Students shall prove they can conceptualize the problem, analyze real case studies, apply appropriate methodologies and design techniques, develop scenarios for the future transformation and prepare design which can help with the implementation of this scenario. The additional objective is to prepare students to team working while taking the individual responsibility for the specific task. Also, important skill is to be prepared to the discussion with the representatives of different disciplines while having clear spatial perspective. Finally, as a result of the module the students shall be able to deliver a convincing public presentation of their project and debate their solution with the audience.

 

TCR News Jan 26th

2nd TCR Talks

The impact of the Covid19 pandemic on vulnerable neighbourhoods

Tuesday, 26th of January 2021, 5.00 pm – digital

How does the Covid 19 pandemic influence social reliance in European cities? As part of the RWTH Aachen University Transforming City Regions programme’s public debates (TCR Talks), this panel discussion will reflect on this question using examples from three bordering countries in Europe, Germany, the Netherlands and Belgium.

Zoom Link:

https://rwth.zoom.us/j/99879106902?pwd=MGxlZmdqdTVvbFFMbmZWdHNTRjhEUT09

Meeting ID: 998 7910 6902
Passcode: 1i%2#S

Public event / Free participation / No registration is required. 



Theme

How does the Covid 19 pandemic influence social reliance in European cities? As part of the RWTH Aachen University Transforming City Regions programme’s public debates (TCR Talks), this panel discussion will reflect on this question using examples from three bordering countries in Europe, Germany, the Netherlands and Belgium.

The coronavirus has drastically transformed many aspects of public life, including people’s ways of socialisation and sense of place. The various pandemic prevention and protection measures, such as quarantine, self-isolation and social distancing, have influenced people’s social networks and activities, especially in vulnerable neighbourhoods.

This panel brings together experts from public health, social work, geography, urban design and planning, who will share their preliminary observations during the pandemic period from vulnerable neighbourhoods in Aachen, Maastricht, Groningen, and Ghent. The panel aims to highlight key issues for communities and institutional actors to maintain social resilience during and after the pandemic period. 


Moderator

  • Dr. Ceren Sezer (RWTH Aachen University, Faculty of Architecture)

 

Speakers

  • Prof Dr Klasien Horstman (Maastricht University, Faculty of Health, Medicine and Life Sciences)
  • Dr Mare Knibbe (Maastricht University, Faculty of Health, Medicine and Life Sciences)
  • Dr Sander van Lanen (Groningen University, Faculty of Spatial Sciences)
  • Prof Dr Griet Roets (Ghent University, Department of Social Work and Social Pedagogy)

TCR News Nov 17h

1st TCR Talks

Vision for Berlin-Brandenburg 2070. Landscape of Differences.

Thomas Stellmach and Aurelija Matulevičiūtė (TSPA Berlin)

Tuesday, 17th of November 2020, 5.00 pm
Please join us for the first online event of the TCR Talks Series on Transforming City Regions, which will take place in November the 17th at 17:00 (CET). Our guests are Mr. Thomas Stellmach and Ms. Aurelija Matulevičiūtė from a Berlin-based urban planning and design company TSPA Berlin. The speakers will present their recent project entitled Vision for Berlin-Brandenburg 2070.

It is hard to predict the political, cultural and technological developments in the next 50 years. However, some of the challenges we are facing nowadays will go far beyond the next 50 years. We are certain that the climate is changing, as well as that Brandenburg region will become warmer and drier. We know that this will have consequences for food production and biodiversity and that structures in industry, agriculture and energy management will have to adapt. Landscape, water and biosystems will be affected by these changes too. Landscapes of Differences suggests initiating a long-term transformation process of these systems to ensure a resilient and productive future for Brandenburg and Berlin. This transformation creates the framework in which the lives of citizens in their social and economic facets can develop freely and are future-proof. Starting with ecosystems in Brandenburg, project offers to look at the nature first and explore a relationship between natural environments and urban fabric, as well as balancing its protection and utilisation.

Welcome by Prof. Christa Reicher  
(Director – Transforming City Regions Master Programme)

Moderator: Dr. Ceren Sezer
(RWTH – Chair of Urban Design)

 

 

Zoom link:

https://rwth.zoom.us/j/95832383496?pwd=b0RHa3RxOVdZcnYxbk9FR3BYWjU4UT09

Meeting ID:
958 3238 3496

Passcode:
PKMJ7!

 

TCR News Nov 30th

TCR lecture series on 'Urban Transformation'

Wednesday, 10.45 – 12.15 pm, winter semester 2020/21
The module presents dynamics of urban areas in Europe and beyond, discusses in this context a new definition of the city and elaborates contemporary processes shaping cities and urban areas. These dynamics of change play out in many different arenas including the physical and territorial. They are driven by demographic, socio-economic, environmental and political changes and developments.
The models explaining the nature and consequences of this change form an important part of the module as well as theories aiming at explaining them. This module focuses on the city, regional and urban network scales, including various aspects of urban transformation, such as changing mobility patterns, heritage and culture of cities, emerging technologies, government and governance, social infrastructure, energy transition among others.

TCR News Nov 12th

Complex Cities, Planning and Self-Organization

TCR lecture series by Stefano Cozzolino

Tuesday, 10.30 – 12.00 pm, winter semester 2020/21

How Why are cities complex self-organizing systems? Is it possible to design settlements that favor the evolution of spontaneous orders? These questions – and others – are tackled in the lectures held by Stefano Cozzolino